Research Publications of Immunology


1. Nurul Khaiza Yahya, Afzal N, Kamaliah Mohd Daud. The association of HLA class-II antigens with anti-cardiolipin antibody expression in Malays with systemic lupus erythematosus in Hospital USM, Malaysia International Medical Journal, Vol 16, No 1, March 2009: 3-7

2. S. Suliman, Afzal N, C. Maraina. Anti-nucleosome antibody as a disease marker in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its correlation with disease activity. International Journal of Rheumatology 2009; 12: 100-106

3. Romeeza Tahir, Afzal N, Nauman Javed, Afia Abbas, Kunwal Rauf. Discrepancies in the diagnosis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus among different hospitals of Lahore Pakistan. The International Medical Journal: Vol. 8 No 2, Dec 2009: 7-10

4. Nadia Rashid, Asim Mumtaz, Saqib Mehmood, Afzal N, Salma Haq, Tanveer Ahmad. Assessment of Thyroid Dysfunction in Down syndrome patients. Pak Paed J Dec 2009; 33(4): 211-7

5. Numan J, Afzal N, Romeeza T. In vitro phagocytosis of methicillin resistant and methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus by human polymorphonuclear leucocytes. Journal of Ayub Medical College 2009;21(2):49-52

6. Farhana Shahzad, Shahzad Tawwab, Afia Abbas. Relationship of white blood cells counts, haemoglobin and ESR with IHD. Journal of Ayub Medical College: Sep 2009;21(3):59-62


1. Romeeza T, Naeem R, Afzal N. Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Based Typing of Staphylococcal Chromosomal Cassette mec of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Selected Hospitals in Lahore. The International Medical Journal volume 9 No 1, June 2010: 5-8

2. Sara K, Afzal N. Anti-CCP Antibodies: an emerging marker for the early diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis. The International Medical Journal volume 9 No 1, June 2010: 63-66

3. Maria Arif, Afzal N, Aizaz Mand, Waqas Sami, Khursheed Javaid, Sarwar Abbas, Sarah Karim. Frequency of Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody in Glomerulonephritis Patients. Biomedica Vol 26. Jan-Jun 2010: 45-49

4. Asim Mumtaz, Afzal N, Waqas Sami, Romeeza Tahir, Khursheed Javeed, Saqib Mehmood. Evaluation of four ELISA based immunoassays for the detection of IgM antibodies against dengue virus. Biomedica Vol 26. Jan-Jun 2010: 54-57

5. Farhana S, Tawwab S, Afzal N. Association of interleukin-4 and IgE levels with LDL oxidation in atherosclerosis. Iran J Immunol Vol 7 No 2 June 2010

6. Gul Afshan, Afzal N, Sadia Qureshi. Establishment of CD4+ CD25HI T Cells Reference intervals in Healthy Adult Pakistani Males versus Females. J App Pharm 4(2): 2010; 104-111

7. Khan, M., Jahan, S Khaliq, S., Ijaz, B., Ahmad, W and Hassan, S. "Interaction of HCV Core with cellular genes in developing HCV induced Steatosis" Achieves of Virology 2010 Nov; 155(11):1735-53. (IF 1.902)

8. Khaliq S, Jahan S, Ijaz B, Ahmad W, Asad S, Pervaiz A, Samreen B, Khan M, Hassan S. Inhibition of core gene of HCV 3a genotype using synthetic and vector derived siRNAs. Virol J. 2010 Nov 13; 7:318. (IF 2.55)

9. Khaliq, S., Khaliq, SA. Zahur, M., Iajz, B., Jahan, S., Ansar M., Riazuddin, S. and Hassan, S. RNAi, as a new therapeutic strategy against HCV. Biotechnol Adv. 2010 Jan-Feb; 28(1):27-34. (IF 8.250)

10. Ahmad.W, Ijaz.B, Javed F. T., Jahan.S, Shahid.I, Hassan .S Age specific prevalence and transmission of HCV genotypes in Lahore, Pakistan. World J Gastroenterol. 2010 Sep 14; 16(34):4321-8. (IF 2.092)

11. Shahid Hussain, Afzal N, Khursheed Javaid, Muhammad Ikram Ullah, Tanveer Ahmad, Saleem-uz-Zaman. Level of Interferon Gamma in the Blood of Tuberculosis Patients. Iran J Immunol Vol 7 No 4 December 2010

12. Javed F. T, Ijaz.B, Ahmad.W, Jahan.S, Khaliq S, Hassan .S Correlation of Serum HCV titer, ALP and Bilirubin levels with liver fibrosis stage IJAVMS. (2010) 4 (2): 56-22. (IF 0.34)


1. Amna Habib, Afzal N, Mehreen Ahmed, Afia Abbas, Romeeza Tahir Quantification of Serum IgA of Coeliac Disease Patients. Biomedica Vol 27. Jan-Jun 2011: 26-28

2. Mehreen Ahmad, Afzal N, Amna Habib, Romeeza Tahir, Khursheed Rana, Afia Abbas Detection of anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies in Healthy Subjects. Biomedica Vol 27. Jan-Jun 2011: 42-45

3. Numan Javed, Afzal N, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas. Misdiagnosis of Staphylococcus aureus in different hospitals of Lahore. Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 43 (4), pp. 815-818, 2011ca

4. Afzal N, Sarwar Abbas, Azazmand, Maria Arif, Khursheed Javeed. Effect of Hepatitis C virus on C-Reactive Protein and Interleukin-6 in Hemodylasis Patients. Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases Vol 5, No 3 182-86 May 2011.

5. Jahan, S Khaliq, S., Ijaz, B., Ahmad, W and Hassan, S HCV Core and Cox-2: role in HCV pathogenesis Virol J. 2011 13; 7:318. (IF 2.55)

6. Jahan S, Khaliq S, Samreen B, Ijaz B, Khan M, Ahmad W, Ashfaq U A and Hassan S Effect of combined siRNA of HCV E2 gene and HCV receptors against HCV (Virol; J. 201181):295 (IF 2.55)

7. Jahan S, Samreen B, Khaliq S, Ijaz B, Khan M, Ahmad W, and Hassan S HCV entry receptor as potential targets for siRNA based inhibition of HCV Gene,Vaccine Therapy 2011;8(1):295 (IF 1.86)

8. Jahan S, Khaliq S, Afzal N, Mujtiba G, Samreen A, Ijaz B, Ahmad W, Ashfaq U A and Hassan S �Regulation of Apoptosis by HCV�IJAVMS. (2011) 5 (4): 321-325. (IF 0.34)

9. Khaliq S, Jahan S, Ijaz B, Ahmad W, Asad S, Hassan S. Inhibition of HCV 3a genotype by siRNAs targeting envelope genes Arch Virol. 2011 Mar; 156 (3): 433-442. (IF 1.902)

10. Khaliq, S., Jahan, S. and Hassan, S "HCV p7: Molecular function and importance in HCV life cycle and potential antiviral target ". 2010. Liver International May 2011, 31(5), 606�617, (IF 2.99)

11. Khaliq, S., Jahan, S. and Pervaiz A. Sequence variability of HCV Core region: Important predictors of HCV induced pathogenesis and viral production Infect Genet Evol. 2011 Apr; 11(3):543-56. (IF 2.89)

12. Ahmad W, Ijaz B, Gull S, Asad, S Sarwar T.M., Jahan S. Khaliq S , Kausar H , Sumrin A, Hassan, S A brief review on molecular, genetic and imaging techniques for HCV fibrosis evaluation Virol J. 2011 Feb 8;8(1):53.(IF 2.55)

13. Ahmad W, Ijaz B, Gull S, Asad S, Sarwar T.M., Kausar H, Sumrin A, Khaliq S Jahan S. Hassan, S.,A comparison of four fibrosis indexes in chronic HCV: Development of new fibrosis-cirrhosis index (FCI) BMC Gastroenterology 2011, 11:44.(IF1.89)

14. Khaliq S, Jahan S, Pervaiz A, Ashfaq UA, Hassan S. Down-regulation of IRES containing 5`UTR of HCV genotype 3a using siRNAs. Virol J. 2011 ;8(1):221(IF 2.55)

15. Ashfaq UA, Yousaf MZ, Aslam M, Ejaz R, Jahan S, Ullah O. siRNAs: Potential therapeutic agents against Hepatitis C Virus. Virol J. 2011;8(1):276 (IF 2.55)

16. Mujtaba G, Jahan S, Khaliq S, Mahmood N, Javed FT, Choudhry N, Aslam A, Bashir T, Faiz M. Current Status of Transmission Risk Factors and Genotypes of Hepatitis C Virus, In Punjabi Population of Pakistan. IJAVMS. (2011) 5 (2): 271-282. (IF 0.34)

17. Ijaz B, Ahmad W, Gull S, Asad, S Sarwar T.M., Khaliq S , Jahan S. Kausar H , Sumrin A, Hassan, S Association of laboratory parameters with viral factors in patients with hepatitis C Virol J. 2011;8(1):276 (IF 2.55)


1. Afzal N, Romeeza T. Shah Jahan. Cytokine: An ever expanding area; review article. Biological and Biomedical Reports. 2012, 2(1), 37-43

2. Gul Afshan, Afzal N, Sadia Qureshi. CD4+CD25hi Regulatory T cells in healthy males and females mediate gender difference in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases. Clin. Lab. 2012;58:567-571

3. Shah Jahan, Usman A Ashfaq, Muhammad Qasim, Saba Khaliq, Muhammad Javed Saleem, Afzal Nadeem. Hepatitis C virus to hepatocellular carcinoma. Infectious Agents and Cancer 2012, 7:2 doi:10.1186/1750-9378-7-2

4. Shah Jahan, Usman A. Ashfaq, Saba Khaliq, Baila Samreen, Afzal N. Dual behavior of HCV Core gene in regulation of apoptosis is important in progression of HCC. Infection, Genetics and Evolution xxx (2012) xxx�xxx

5. Baila Samreen, Saba Khaliq, Usman Ali Ashfaq, Mahwish Khan, Nadeem Afzal, Muhammad Aiman Shahzad, Sabeen Riaz, Shah Jahan. Hepatitis C virus entry: Role of host and viral factors. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 2012: 12; 1699�1709

6. Nadeem Afzal, Nagi AH, Muhammad Imran, Abu Zafar, Amtul Musawar, Romeeza Tahir, Sarwar Abbas, Afia Abbas, Shakeela Zaman, Shah Jahan. Association of Alpha-2 Beta-1 Integrin Polymorphism with Retinopathy in Diabetic Patients. J Diabetes & Metab 2012, 3: 9


  1. Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javed, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar, Shah Jahan, Shakeela Zaman, AH Nagi. Inverse relationship of serum IL-17 with type-II diabetes retinopathy. J Clin Lab. 11+12/2013
  1. Idrees, S., Ashfaq, U.A., Khaliq, S. 2013. HCV Envelope protein 2 sequence comparison of Pakistani isolate and In-silico prediction of conserved epitopes for vaccine development. J Transl Med. 2013 Apr 30;11:105. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-11-105.
  1. Khaliq, S., Latief, N., Jahan, S. Role of different regions of the hepatitis C virus genome in the therapeutic response to interferon-based treatment. Arch Virol. 2013 Jul 13.
  1. Afzal N, Khursheed Javaid, Shakeela Zaman, Abu Zafar, AH Nagi. Enumeration of CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells in type-II diabetes retinopathy. Pak J Pharm Sci. Vol 27/28; 2014/2015

5. Afzal N, Khursheed Javaid , Shahid Hussain, Saleem-uz-Zaman Adahmi, Waqas Sami, Ihtzaz Ahmed Malik. Inverse correlation of Interferon � gamma and CD8+ T Lymphocytes in Tuberculosis Patients. (Accepted for publication at Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences)


1. Afzal N, Khursheed Javaid, Shakeela Zaman, Abu Zafar, AH Nagi. Enumeration of CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells in type-II diabetes retinopathy. Pak J Pharm Sci. Vol 27/28; 2014/2015

2. Afzal N, Khursheed Javaid , Shahid Hussain, Saleem-uz-Zaman Adahmi, Waqas Sami, Ihtzaz Ahmed Malik. Inverse correlation of Interferon � gamma and CD8+ T Lymphocytes in Tuberculosis Patients. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 2014; 2(1), 14-19

3. Afzal N, Shakeela Zaman, Aneela Asghar, Khursheed Javed, Faheem Shahzad, Abu Zafar, Abdul Hannan Nagi. Negative Association of Serum IL-6 and IL-17 with Type-II Diabetes Retinopathy. Iran J Immunol. 2014: 11(1); 40-43

4. Khaliq S, Latief N, Jahan S.Role of different regions of the hepatitis C virus genome in the therapeutic response to interferon-based treatment. Arch Virol. 2014 Jan;159(1):1-15. doi: 10.1007/s00705-013-1780-x.

5. Shahzad F, Afzal N, Naz F, Javed K, Latif W, Zafar A. Decreased percentage of natural T-regulatory cells in type-2 diabetes mellitus. Online Journal of BioSciences and Informatics, 2014 3(1): 4542-467

6. Tufail R, Afzal N, Javaid K, Khaliq S, Tahir R, Abbas A, Latif W, Sami W, Zafar A. Enumeration of NK cells in patients of type-II diabetes mellitus. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 2014; 2(2), 23-27.

7. Afzal N, Shehzad F, Rasheed S. Systemic lupus erythematosus; concepts of immunology in its therapy. Biomedica Vol 30, Issue 3, Jul-Sep 2014, 220-228

8. Afzal N, Shehzad F, Rasheed S. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus � An Immunological Disorder: Clinical Presentations and Therapeutic Options. Biomedica 2014; 3, 220-28.


1. Afzal N, Zaman, S, Shahzad F, Javaid K, Zafar A, Nagi AH. Immune mechanisms in type-II diabetic retinopathy. JPMA. 2015: 65(2); 159-163

2. Tufail R, Afzal N, Javeid K, Shahzad F, Khaliq S, Abbas A, Latif W, Tahir R. Percentage of T Cells in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Managed with different Treatment Modalities. SMU Medical Journal. 2015: 2(1). 139-142

3. Javed K, Afzal N, Shahzad F, Zaman S, Khaliq S, Jahan S, Latif W, Khalid S. Increased Frequency of HLA-DRB1*12 in Asthma Patients Visiting A Teaching Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. International Journal of current Research , April 2015, Vol:7. Issue -04, pp 14476-14480

4. Riaz M, Afzal N, Mahmud H T, Shahzad F, Rasheed S, Rasheed A. The high percentages of anti-thyroid antibodies positive SLE patients at Sheikh Zayed Hospital Lahore Pakistan. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 2015; 3(1), 28-32.

5. Abdul Hannan, Faqeeha Javed, Sidrah Saleem, Khadija Tahira, Shah Jahan . Frequency of Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec Type IV and Type V in Clinical Isolates of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus A. Open Journal of Medical Microbiology 07/2015; 5:69-75.

6. Asma Karim, Asad Iqbal, Rehan Akhtar, Muhammad Rizwan, Ali Amar, Usman Qamar, Shah Jahan. Barcoding of fresh water fishes from Pakistan.: Mitochondrial DNA 05/2015; DOI:10.3109/19401736.2015.1043544

7. Hamdan Hamid1*, Hifsa Mobeen1, Muhammad Kashif1, Muhammad Adil1, Almina Shafiq1 and Noshin Wasim Yousuf2Screening of Suspected HIV-AIDS Patients: A Comparative Study Evaluating HIV-ICT Device and ELISA... International STD Research & Reviews, ISSN: 2347-5196,Vol.: 3, Issue. 3

8. Javaid K, Afzal N, Adhami S, Khaliq S, Jahan S, Latif W, Khaliq S. Increased Frequency of HLA-DRB1*12 in Asthma Patients Visiting A Teaching Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. IJCR. 2015; 7 (4):14476-80.


1. Rasheed S, Afzal N, Tarif N, Shahzad F, Mahmood TH. Increased Level of Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin Protein in Patients of Lupus Nephritis. J Immunol Infect Inflam Dis. 2016; 1(1): 002.

2. Naz F, Afzal N, Shahzad F, Kashif M, Javed K, Jahan S, Latif W. Correlation of Serum IL-17 with Level of Vitamin D and IgE in Asthmatic Patients. BJPR. 2016; 11(1): 1-8.

3. Kashif M, Afzal N, Tayyab M A, Shahzad F, Jahan S. Human Papilloma Virus: Important Etiological Factor in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinogenesis. J Cancer Biol Res 2016. 4(2): 1081

4. Batool H, Afzal N, Shahzad F, Kashif M. Relationship between rheumatoid arthritis and chronic periodontitis. Journal of Medicine, Radiology, Pathology & Surgery (2016), 2, 11�14

5. M Hifsa. Afzal N. Kashif M. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome May Be an Autoimmune Disorder. Scienti?ca (2016), 1-7

6. Shafiq A, Afzal N, Kashif M. Hepatitis C and hepatocellular carcinoma: A review of natural history. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2016;2:23-29

7. Khaliq F, Afzal N, Kashif M, Shahzad F. Relationship between Percentage of Regulatory T cells and Dental Amalgam Fillings. J Oral Res 2016; 5(4): 153-158

8. Kashif M, Afzal N, Minhas S, Anwar MA, Shahzad F, Abbas A, Jahan S. Frequency of ANA and anti-dsDNA antibodies in subjects of oral addictive habits. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2016 Sep

9. Kashif M, Afzal N, Minhas S, Anwar MA, Shahzad F, Abbas A, Jahan S. Frequency of ANA and anti-dsDNA antibodies in subjects of oral addictive habits. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2016 Sep;3(9):2610-14.

10. Javed N, Abbas A, Tahir R and Afzal N. Isolates of Staphylococcus aureus Induce Selected Metabolites in Human Polymorphonuclear Leucocytes. Pakistan J. Zool., 2016. 48(5), 1563-65.

11. Aslam R, Raza SM, Naeemi H, Mubarak B, Afzal N and Khaliq S. SOCS3 mRNA expression and polymorphisms as pretreatment predictor of response to HCV genotype 3a IFN-based treatment. SpringerPlus 2016. 5:1826.

12. Temuri S, Afzal N, Kashif M, Nadeem A, Shahzad F, Latif W, Abbas A and Mahmood TH. Anti-thyroid Antibodies in Patients with HCV Genotype 3a: A Pilot Study. BMRJ 2016.17(4)

13. Abdul Waheed, Muhammad Shahbaz Hussain, Junaid Akhtar, Faiza Sarwar, Iqra Jameel, Muhammad Kashif, Shah Jahan. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C among pregnant women. International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research 2016;3(3):687-689

14. Ashraf S, Afzal N, Kashif M, Shazad F, Sajjad W, Latif W, Abbas A. Prevalence of Autoantibodies in Healthy Adults in Pakistani Population. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science. 2016


Publications 2017

1. Minhas S, Kashif M, Altaf W, Afzal N, Nagi AH. Concomitant-chemoradiotherapy-associated oral lesions in patients with oral squamous-cell carcinoma. Cancer Biol Med 2017. doi: 10.20892/j.issn.2095-3941.

2. Mubarak B, Afzal N, Javaid K, Talib R, Aslam R, Latif W, and Saba Khaliq S. Frequency of HLA DQ?1*0201 and DQ?1*0301 Alleles and Total Serum IgE in Patients with Bronchial Asthma: A Pilot Study from Pakistan. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2017; 16(4):313-320.

3. Muhammad Usman Qamar Sidrah Saleem , Usman Arshad , Muhammad Farhan Rasheed , Hasan Ejaz , Naveed Shahzad and Shah Jahan Antibacterial Efficacy of Manuka Honey against New Delhi Metallo-?-Lactamase Producing Gram Negative Bacteria Isolated from Blood Cultures Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 49(6), pp 1997-2003, 2017 (IF 0.94)

4. Muhammad Usman Qamar, Sidrah Saleem, Mark Alexander Toleman, Muhammad Saqalein, Muhammad Waseem Atif Nisar, Mohsin Khurshid, Zeeshan Taj, Shah Jahan: In vitro and in vivo activity of Manuka honey against NDM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST11 Future MicrobiologyVol. 13,(1)2017. IF 3.74

5. Ghani M. U, Haque A, Qasim M, Ashfaq U. A, Iqbal M. S, Waheed A, Afzal N, Saeed F, Masoud M. S, Khaliq S and Jahan S. Involvement of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphism in hepatocellular carcinoma of HCV patients from local population. Pure Appl. Biol: 2017; 6(2): 725-732.

6. Afzal N, Anjum R, Nadeem A, Javed K, Shahzad F, Kashif M, Zafar A, Zaman S, Nagi AH. Serum level of IL-6 in patients of type-ii diabetes mellitus with and without retinopathy: a comparative study. BJMS. 2017; 16(4); 525-29.

7. Muhammad Sarfaraz Iqbal, Usman Ali Ashfaq, Saba Khaliq, Muhammad Shareef Masoud, Muhammad Qasim, Asma Haque, Muhammad Usman Ghani,Shah Jahan Toll-like receptor 4 polymorphism as pretreatment predictor of response to HCV genotype 3a interferon-based treatment Future VirologyVol. 12,(12)2017 IF(1.2)

8. Rehana Shahida Tasnim Farasat, Shagufta Naz and Shah Jahan Expression Profile of TNF-? among in Glucose Tolerant and Type 2 Diabetic in Relation with Vascular Inflammation Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 49(6), pp 2153-2159, 2017. (IF 0.94)

9. A. Ramiz, S. Jahan, M. Kashif, F. Shahzad, N. Afzal. Determination of TGF-b1 polymorphism at ?509 C/T promoter region in HCV patients with and without HCC. European Journal of Cancer. Volume 72, Supplement 1, February 2017. IF 6.14

10. Iram Aftab, Saima Iram , Saba Khaliq , Muhammad Israr, Nadir Ali, Shah Jahan , Shabbir Hussain7 , Shagufta Khaliq, Shahida Mohsin Analysis of FANCC gene mutations (IVS4+4A>T, del322G, and R548X) in patients with Fanconi anemia in Pakistan Turk J Med Sci. Apr 18;47(2):391-398. 2017 IF0.3)

11. Sadia Akbar, Shah Jahan, Saira Bashir, Saba Khaliq, Iram Aftab, Mahwish Faizan, Shabbir Hussain, Shahida Mohsin Frequency of BCR/ABL-1 Fusion Gene and Deletion IKZF- 1 in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Patients. International Journal of Medical \& Applied Research 2017

12. Muhammad Usman Ghani, Asma Haque, Muhammad Qasim, Usman Ali Ashfaq, Muhammad Sarfaraz Iqbal, Abdul Waheed, Nadeem Afzal, Faiza Saeed, Saba Khaliq and Shah Jahan Involvement of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphism in hepatocellular carcinoma of HCV patients from local population.. Pure and Applied Biology. Vol. 6, Issue 2, pp725-732

13. Shoaib Ahmed , Shabbir Hussain, Ali Ammar , Shah Jahan , Shagufta Khaliq, Haiba Kaul Interleukin 6 Receptor (IL6-R) Gene Polymorphisms Underlie Susceptibility to Rheumatoid Arthritis Clin. Lab. 2017;63:1365-1369 (2.1)

14. Hashmi M, Hussain A, Rehman S, Ahmed F, Aslam S, Afzal N and Abbas Z. Negative Association of HLA-DRB1*11 and HLA-DRB1*12 Alleles with Aeroallergy Patients Visiting Allergy Centre (NIH), Islamabad, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool: 2017; 49(5), 1563-69.

15. Marwa Minhas, Syaefudin Ali Akhmad, Nadeem Afzal.Spiritual medicine in the multi perspective of religion, JKKI 2017;8(3):164-171

Publications 2018

1. Batool H, Nadeem A, Kashif M, Shahzad F, Tahir R and Afzal N. Salivary Levels of IL-6 and IL-17 Could be an Indicator of Disease Severity in Patients With Calculus Associated Chronic Periodontitis. BioMed Research International Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 8531961, w

2. Rizwan Ullah M , Kashif M , Nadeem A, Tahir R , Rizwan Z , Rizwan N , Afzal N.

Backache could be an indication of multiple myeloma: An unusual case report .

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 17 No. 02 April�18. Page : 311-315 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v17i2.35892 Y

3. An In Vivo Study on Intoxicating Effects of Nerium oleander Water Based Extract on Multiorgans of Wistar Rat Hindawi Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Volume 2018, Article ID 4739637, 9 pages (IF: 2.15). x

4. Muhammad Usman Qamar, Timothy R. Walsh, Mark A. Toleman, Sidrah Saleem, Shah Jahan. First identification of clinical isolate of a Novel �NDM-4� producing Escherichia coli ST405 from urine sample in Pakistan. Accepted in Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 2018 (IF 1.1) x

5. Qamar MU, Saleem S, Toleman MA, Saqalein M, Waseem M, Nisar MA, Khurshid M, Taj Z, Jahan S. In vitro and in vivo efficacy of Manuka honey against NDM-1 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST11. Future Microbiology, 2018 (IF: 3.4). w

6. Uttra AM, Alamgeer, Shahzad M, Shabbir A, Jahan S Ephedra gerardiana aqueous ethanolic extract and fractions attenuate Freund Complete Adjuvant induced arthritis in Sprague Dawley rats by downregulating PGE2, COX2, IL-1?, IL-6, TNF-?, NF-kB and upregulating IL-4 and IL-10..EphedraJ Ethnopharmacol. 2018 Jun 16. S0378-8741(17)3 4684-6. (IF: 2.99),

7. Zakir A, Khaliq S, Jahan S, Lone KP Transcriptome analysis of apoptotic markers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HCV genotype-3a infected patients.. J Postgrad Med Inst 2018; 32(2): 123-127(IF: 0.69)

8. Hasan UH, Alamgeer, Shahzad M, Jahan S, Niazi ZR, Bukhari IA, Assiri AM, Riaz H.Inhibitory effects of Clematis orientalis aqueous ethanol extract and fractions on inflammatory markers in complete Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritis in Sprague-Dawley rats. Inflammopharmacology. 2018 Nov 16. doi: 10.1007/s10787-018-0543-4. (IF: 3.304)

9. Hasan UH, Alamgeer, Shahzad M, Jahan S, Niazi ZR, Bukhari IA, Assiri AM, Riaz Amelioration of adjuvant induced arthritis in Sprague Dawley rats through modulation of inflammatory mediators by Ribes alpestre Decne Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2018 9:018-0543-4. (IF: 3.304)

10. Nosheen Aslam, Farzana Batool, Muhammad Sarfaraz Iqbal.Usman Ali Ashfaq,Sultan Ayaz,Saba Khaliq Shah Jahan, Muhammad Usman Ghani, and Muhammad Usman Analysis of toll like receptor 9 (TLR9) gene Polymorphism (rs5743836) in pakistani patients with HCV Pak. J. Pharm. Sci., Vol.31, No.6(Suppl), November 2018, pp.2709-271(IF: 3.04)


11. Anam A, Faisal AWK, Afzal N and Shahzad F. Immune System Activation in Rheumatic Heart Disease. JCPS. 2018; 28(7): 518-22., x

Publications 2019

� Naz S Shareef S. Jahan S Jabeen F Expression Of GSTT1in Type 2 Diabetic Retinopathic Subjects Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression Jan 2019(IF: 2.304)

  • Zainab S, Kashif M, Tahir R, Shahzad F, Rasheed A, Latif W, Mahmud TH, Afzal N. Comparison of rheumatoid factor of IgM, IgG, and IgA isotypes with disease activity score 28 in patients of rheumatoid arthritis. AJPBP. 2019: 9;2:33�37.
  • Nawaz A, Batool H, Kashif M, Abbas A, Shahzad F, Tahir R, Afzal N. Immune profiling of saliva in patients with and without dental caries. BJMS. July 2019: 18 (3): 536-39. Y

� Faheem Shahzad, Atia Ali, Abid Mushtaq, Khursheed Javaid, Afzaal Nazir, Amna Pervez , Mohammad Kashif, Noman Bashir , Afia Abbas , Romeeza Tahir , Shah Jahan , Nadeem Afzal. Raised dsDNA autoantibodies in tuberculosis patients. The Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis 2019, 68:28�31

� Talib R, Kashif M, Tahir R, Nadeem A, Khaliq S, Mubarik B, Abbas A, Jahan S, Afzal N. Association of interleukin-6 polymorphism (-634C/G) in the promoter region with diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus. BJMS. October 2019: 18 (4): 741-47. Y

Publications 2020

1. Shah Jahan, Romeeza Tahir, Faheem Shahzad, Khursheed Javed, Muhammad Kashif, Naadeem Afzal. Immunological Basis of COVID-19. Biomedica-Vol.36, Special Issue, 2020/41-Bio-28.Doc 114-118

2. Muhammad Kashif, Muhammad Aamir, Sadia Minhas, Romeeza Tahir, Shah Jahan, Nadeem Afzal. Review Article: Myths and Facts: Chloroquine May be a Potential Supportive/Therapeutic Drug in COVID-19 Treatment. (www.preprints.org) Posted: 19 April 2020 DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30629.04327

3. Hifsa Mobeen, Muhammad Kashif, Ahmed Nadeem, Faheem Shahzad, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Nadeem Afzal. Serum immune profiling of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.Makara J Health Res. 2020;24(2):91?95 doi: 10.7454/msk.v24i2.1165 91 August 2020 | Vol. 24 | No. 2

4. Atia Ali, Romeeza Tahir, Faheem Shahzad, Muhammad Kashif, Shah Jahan, Nadeem Afzal.CD14 Gene (?159 C>T) Polymorphism and its Surface Expression on Monocytes in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2020 May 11; 8(A):203-207 . https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.3723, Y

5. Hamza SA, Wahid A, Afzal N, Asif S, Imran FM, Khurshid Z, Bokhari SA. Effect of Sodium Bicarbonate Mouth Wash on Salivary pH and Interleukin-1? Levels among Smokers. European Journal of Dentistry. 2020; 1-8 x

6. H Javed, S Saleem, A Zafar, A Ghafoor, AB Shahzad, H Ejaz, K Junaid, Jahan S Emergence

of plasmid-mediated mcr genes from Gram-negative bacteria at the human-animal interface Gut Pathogens 12 (1), 1-9

7. Saleem A, Saleem M, Akhtar MF, Shahzad M, Jahan S. Polystichum braunii extracts inhibit Complete Freund�s adjuvant-induced arthritis via upregulation of I-?B, IL-4, and IL-10, downregulation of COX-2, PGE2, IL-1?, IL-6, NF-?B, and TNF-?, and subsiding oxidative stress. Inflammopharmacology. 2020 Mar 11:1-6.

8. Ahmed U, Ashfaq UA, Khaliq S, Qasim M, Jahan S. Current trends and possible therapeutic options against COVID-19. Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases;10(03):110-120.

  1. Kashif M, Aamir M, Minhas S, Tahir R, Jahan S, Afzal N. Myths and Facts: Chloroquine May Be A Potential Supportive/Therapeutic Drug in COVID-19 Treatment.
  2. Nawaz Y, Ghazanvi s, Rasheed N, jahan s, ullah mi. Association of Serum Resistin Level and Resistin (RETN) Gene (-420 C> G) Polymorphism in Pakistani Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Turkish Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2020 Jan 1;24(1).
  3. Shaikh S, Hashmi I, Baig LA, Khan M, Ahmed F, Khan N, Jahan S, Maheshwari G, Yasir I, ul Haq Z. Assessment of a mass media campaign on giving way to ambulances in five cities of Pakistan. JPMA. 2020;70(1510).
  4. Gondal AJ, Saleem S, Jahan S, Choudhry N, Yasmin N. Novel Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ST147 Coharboring blaNDM-1, blaOXA-48 and Extended-Spectrum ?-Lactamases from Pakistan. Infection and Drug Resistance. 2020;13:2105. W

1. Publications 2021


Faheem Shahzad, Noman Bashir, Atia Ali, Shagufta Jabeen, Mohammad Kashif, Khursheed Javaid, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Shah Jahan, Nadeem Afzal. Decreased classical monocytes and CD163 expression in TB patients: an indicator of drug resistance. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. 6 February 2021 https://doi.org/10.1007/s42770-021-00454-x X, 2.7IF